John Philoponus, a Christian philosopher, scientist, and theologian who lived approximately from to CE, is also known as John the. John Philoponus(b. Caesarea [?], late fifth century; d. Alexandria, second half of sixth century)philosophy, of what is known about Philoponus is. PHILOPONUS, JOHN(–) John Philoponus of Alexandria, a sixth-century philosopher and theologian, is best known for his radical attempts to refute.

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Was science delayed for a thousand years by ignoring the work of this early Christian thinker?

John Philoponus – Bibliography – PhilPapers

Although abstract in manner, Philoponus is chiefly focused on the concept in question. Philoponus wrote treatises on the Astrolabe and the Arithmetic of Nichomachus of Gerosa and two treatises on grammar nohn had some influence as lexicons.

On the Contingency of the World De contingentia mundinot extant; Arabic summary of the treatise trans. The treatise Against Proclus is followed by a second and even more provocative publication, On the Eternity of the World against Aristotle.

Volunteeror read more about what this involves. The issue at stake in the two polemics against Proclus and Aristotle is the question of the contingency of the world.

Many Christians from birth both before and after Philoponus were similarly exposed to pagan philosophy without reacting in a comparable way. Similarly to ideas presented in PhysicsPhiloponus in the work titled Arbiter states that our corrupted bodies material things will be eventually brought into being matter and form by God. We encourage you to help if you are qualified.

John Philoponus | CEH

I will give you an illustration that will explain what happens with things contrary to nature: Extant Philosophical Commentaries 2. The study concludes with the Arabic Neoplatonizing Aristotelian Avicenna and his novel introduction of a new category of motion, namely, motion in the category of position.

In short, the medium contributes nothing to a projectile’s motion; rather, it impedes it. Basic Aristotelian principles—the four causes, the role of potentiality and actuality, substance and accident—were not only retained by Philoponus but were his central resources for developing a new Christian natural philosophy.


However, at the same time he pointed out that these rays are not projected from our eyes to the luminous object, as was formerly assumed, but that they move in the opposite direction, from the luminous object to the eye.

Philoponus attempts to combine the idea of homogeneous space with the Aristotelian system.

John Philoponus

Aristotle in his De anima argued that if Plato were right, it would be possible for the soul that had left the body to enter it again, and thus resurrection of the dead could be feasible, although it had never been observed. According to Aristotle, movement is not possible without a definite medium in which it can take place; thus, statements on the movement of bodies must always be related to a certain medium. Philoponus answered this question by interpreting the uniform and circular motion of the celestial bodies as inertial motiom: His Philosophical background was Neoplatonic; but he was—probably from birth—a member of the Monophysite sect, which was declared hertical in the seventh century.

Philoponus introduced a more physical notion into this trend of thought.

University of California Press, Home People History Historians, Miscellaneous: They are also the philosophical work of an independent thinker in the Neoplatonic The monotheistic dogma of the creation of the universe ex nihilo by the single act of a God who transcends nature implied, for Philoponus, the creation of matter imbued with all the physical faculties for its independent development according to the laws of nature, a development according to the laws of nature, a development that he conceived of as extending from the primary chaotic state to the present organized structure of the universe.

Aristotle asserted, for instance, that in a given medium the velocities of falling bodies are proportional to their weights, and that the velocities of a given body in different media are inversely proportional to the densities of these media. The different colors of stars are owing to differences of composition, he said, drawing his analogy from the differences in colors we see when we burn various substances on earth.


Perhaps some fifteen years after his attack on Aristotle on the eternity of the world the date is disputedPhiloponus published a commentary on the biblical creation story, On the Creation of the World De opificio mundiwhich is his only theological work extant in Greek.

Many of his works are not extant. Roughly years after his death, the Third Council of Constantinople — condemned his theological doctrines as heresy and thereby curtailed the overall philosophical influence he could have had in later centuries.

On Aristotle Physics 4. In the same way, brass or silver or silver metals will resound for some time after having been struck—i. The date of composition originally proposed by the editor —49 appears to be more likely now than the frequently suggested — He tried to stop the burning of the Library of Alexandria often blamed on Christians. The Categories was the traditional introduction to a systematic reading of Aristotle’s works; it is also blatantly anti-Platonist: Keep Exploring Britannica Plato.

Although his efforts are evidently to some extent motivated by his Christian faith, he keeps biblical theology out of his polemic, attempting to refute Proclus within the framework of Platonist philosophy. Ancient Commentators on Aristotle. Philoponus was one of the last holders of the chair of philosophy in Alexandria, succeeding Ammonius the johnn of Hermias.

Briefly, Avicenna denies that the cosmos has a place, and so claims that it moves not with respect to place, but with respect to position. Spicilegium Sacrum Lovaniense 47, Peeters. For the original article on Philoponus see DSBvol.

In the third book of De Animaentitled De IntellectuPhiloponus analyzes the doctrine of the intellect.