Isocost-isoquant analysis: theory of production: The production function: a figure known as an isoquant diagram (Figure 1). In the graph, goldsmith-hours per. Finding the conditions for cost minimization is a little bit different for Isoquant and Isocost lines. Instead of finding the optimal quantity level for a. Isoquants: An isoquant (equal quantity) is a curve that shows the combinations of certain inputs such as Labor (L) and Capital (K) that will produce a certain.

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If the firm is to maintain the same level of output while reducing capital by one unit, it needs to replace one unit of capital by one unit of labour.

This is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. Its slope is given by the ratio of the prices of the two factors. From the theory of production where only one or two inputs are variable, we proceed to examine cases in which all inputs are variable.

Thus, marginal rate of technical substitution can also be written as the ratio of the marginal product of labor to that of the marginal product of capital. The concept of isocost line is not a new one. The isocost line NM sets the upper boundary for the purchase of iskcost inputs when outlay and input prices are given.

This is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. This is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. It should be remembered lsocost the isoquants in the theory of production are, in fact, the counterpart of the indifference curves in the theory of consumption.

Iso quant is sloping downwardso when inputs are used in fixed proportion. Thus, profit maximisation and cost minimisation are the two sides of the same coin.

The firm can achieve maximum profits by choosing that combination of factors which will cost it the least.


Profit Maximization Through the Technique of Isoquant and Isocost Line | HubPages

This is feature allows you siocost search the site. The significance of factors of productive resources is that, any two factors are substitutable e. Isoquants indicate various possibilities of combining two inputs.

Ridge lines joins points on the various osocost where the isoquants have zero slope and thus zero MRTSlk. It is isosuant known as the desired rate of factor substitution, i. The capacity of the producer is shown by his monetary resources, i. This equals the ratio of marginal productivity of two inputs. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.

For example, suppose, the price isocoxt labour is Re. Equivalently, it gives the maximum level of output that can be produced for a given total cost of inputs. Alternative Objectives of Business Firms Economics. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. This is an ad network. Equilibrium is attained at the point where the isoquant is tangent to the isocost line. If the y -isoquant is smooth and convex to the origin and the cost-minimizing bundle involves a positive amount of each input, then at a cost-minimizing input bundle an isocost line is tangent to the y -isoquant.

Each such point shows the equilibrium factor combination for maximising output subject to cost constraint, i. All the units of both the factors are homogeneous The prices of the factor units are given The total money outlay is also given There is perfect competition in the factor-market.

Isoquants are typically drawn analusis being convex to the origin because of the assumed substitutability of inputs. analysi

Isocost-isoquant analysis

The firm can maximize its profits either by maximizing the level of output for a given cost or by minimizing the cost of producing a given output.

Thus, E is the point of equilibrium from where there is no tendency on the part of the producer to move away.


This condition makes sense: Production theory is extended to deal with two variable inputs by the introduction of isoquants. In fact, every point on a given isocost line represents isoxost same total cost.

Likewise, the isocost line will shift to the right isoqunt the outlay of the firm increases. In economics an isocost line shows all combinations of inputs which cost the same total amount. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.

Profit Maximization Through the Technique of Isoquant and Isocost Line

Here, the firm seeks to minimise its cost of producing a given level of output. MKTS is, in fact, the ratio of the marginal products of the factors. HubPages Tutorials and Community. This is used to detect comment spam. The producer must have sufficient capacity to buy necessary factor inputs to be able to reach its desired production level.

With right angled or L shaped, isoquantinputs can only be combined in fixed proportion in production. The iso cost line will shift to the right when money spent on factors increases or firm could buy more as the factor prices are given. Navigation menu Isoocost tools Log in Request account. Thus, the isocost line depends upon two things: This is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.

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From the isoquant map, we can generate the total product curve of each input by holding the quantity of the other input constant. Views Read Edit View history. Javascript isoquannt libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.