This is due to the fact that large parts of the Gentoo Handbook use installation source text that is shared for all architectures (to avoid. The Security handbook is a step-by-step guide for hardening Gentoo Linux. Find the individual parts below or view the all-in-one-page Security. Gentoo Linux x86 Handbuch: Arbeiten mit Gentoo version of the page Handbook:X86/Full/Working and the translation is % complete.

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Herzlich willkommen bei Gentoo. Gentoo ist eine schnelle, moderne Metadistribution mit einem klaren und flexiblen Design. Sollte das doch mal vorkommen, sagen Sie uns Bescheid. Die Installation von Gentoo kann als eine Prozedur von 10 Schritten gesehen werden, was den Kapiteln 2 bis 11 entspricht. Die Standardauswahl ist nicht unbedingt das, was wir empfehlen. Es ist der Weg, von dem wir denken, dass ihn die meisten Gentoo-Benutzer nehmen werden. Solche Schritte sind als “Optional: Wir informieren Sie, wenn das passiert.

Sowohl wenn Sie die Entscheidung treffen, als auch wenn der optionale Schritt beschrieben wird. Gentoo kann auf vielen verschiedenen Wegen installiert werden. Wir gehen davon aus, dass Sie die aktuellste Version eines jeden Pakets installieren wollen. Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements are needed to successfully install Gentoo on a box. The Gentoo minimal installation CD is a bootable image which contains a self-sustained Gentoo environment.

It allows the user to boot Linux from the CD or other installation media. During the boot process the hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers are loaded.

Documentation

The image is maintained by Gentoo developers and allows anyone to install Gentoo if an active Internet connection is available. A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment, suitable to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual. Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the official installation method uses the stage3 tarball.

If you are interested in performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read the Gentoo FAQ on How do I install Gentoo using a stage1 or stage2 tarball? Stage files update frequently and are not included on the installation images.

The default installation media that Gentoo Linux uses are the minimal installation CDswhich host a bootable, very small Gentoo Linux environment. This environment contains all the right tools to install Gentoo. The CD images themselves can be downloaded from the downloads page recommended or by manually browsing to the ISO location on one of the many available mirrors.

Inside this location, the installation media file is the file with the. For instance, take a look at the following listing:. In the above example, the install–minimal But as can be seen, other related files exist as well:. Ignore the other files available at this location for now – those will come back when the installation has proceeded further.

Verifizieren Sie dann die kryptografische Signatur der Datei. Um absolut sicher zu sein, dass alles richtig ist, verifizieren Sie den angezeigten Fingerabdruck gegen den Fingerabdruck auf der Gentoo-Signaturen-Seite. In the above output, two SHA checksums are shown – one for the install–minimal Only the first checksum is of interest, as it needs to be compared with the calculated SHA checksum which can be generated as follows:. Then follow the instructions provided by K3B.

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Documentation – Gentoo Linux

When the Installation medium boots, it tries to detect all the hardware devices and loads the appropriate kernel modules to support the hardware. In the vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases it may not auto-load the kernel modules needed by the system. If the PCI auto-detection missed some of the system’s hardware, the appropriate kernel modules have to be loaded manually.

If other people need access to the installation environment, or there is need to run commands as a non-root user on the installation medium such as to chat using irssi without root privileges for security reasonsthen an additional user account needs to be created and the root password set to a strong password.

It may be more efficient for the seasoned Linux enthusiast to use screen to view installation instructions via split panes rather than the multiple TTY method mentioned above. Setzen Sie die Installation mit der Konfiguration des Netzwerks fort. If the system is plugged into an Ethernet network with a DHCP server, it is very likely that the networking configuration has already been set up automatically. If so, then the many included network-aware commands on the installation CD such as sshscppingirssiwgetand linksamong others, will work immediately.

If networking has been configured, the ifconfig command should list one or more network interfaces besides lo. In the example below eth0 shows up:. As a result of the shift towards predictable network interface namesthe interface name on the system can be quite different from the old eth0 naming convention.

handvuch Recent installation media might show regular network interfaces names like eno0ens1or enp5s0. Look for the interface in the ifconfig output that has an IP address related to the local network.

As an alternative to ifconfigthe ip command can be used to determine interface names. The following example shows the output of ip addr of another system so the information shown is different from the previous example:.

The output above may be a bit more complicated to read than alternative. The interface name in the above example directly follows the number; it is eno1. In the remainder of this document, the handbook will assume that the operating network interface is called eth0.

Das ist aber recht einfach. Nehmen wir an, der Server ist proxy. Wenn nicht, lesen Sie bitte weiter. If the network doesn’t work immediately, some installation media allow the user to use net-setup for regular or wireless networkspppoe-setup for ADSL users or pptp for PPTP users.

The simplest way to set up networking if it didn’t get configured automatically is to run the net-setup script:. When all is done, the network connection should work. Test the network connection as stated before. If the tests are positive, congratulations! Skip the rest of this section and continue with Preparing the disks. Sollte Ihr Netzwerk nun immer noch nicht funktionieren, fahren Sie bitte mit Manuelle Netzwerkkonfiguration fort.

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Use the provided pppoe-setup script to configure the connection. If the Ethernet device does not exist, the appropriate network modules need to be loaded.

In that case continue with Manual network configuration as it will explain how to load the appropriate network modules there. But first make sure that the configuration is correct.

When all that is done, run pptp along with the options that couldn’t be set in options. Wenn alles funktioniert hat, dann fahren Sie mit dem Vorbereiten der Festplatte n fort. Allerdings kann es vorkommen, dass ein Kernelmodul nicht automatisch geladen wird. If net-setup or pppoe-setup failed, then it is possible that the network card wasn’t found immediately.

This means users may have to load the appropriate kernel modules manually. To find out what kernel modules are provided for networking, use the ls command:. If a driver is found for the network device, use modprobe to load handvuch kernel module. For instance, to load the pcnet32 module:. To check if the network card is now detected, use ifconfig.

A detected network card would result in something like this again, eth0 here is just an example:. In the above example, 6 interfaces are found.

The eth0 one is most likely the wired Ethernet adapter whereas wlan0 is the wireless one. Assuming that the network card is now detected, retry net-setup or pppoe-setup again which should work nowbut for the hardcore people we explain how to configure the network manually as well. DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol makes it possible to automatically receive networking information IP genyoo, netmask, broadcast address, gateway, nameservers etc.

To have a network interface receive this information automatically, use dhcpcd:. In diesem Fall verwenden Sie:. Wenn das funktioniert versuchen Sie einen Internet-Server zu pingen, z.

When using a wireless To see the current wireless settings on the card, one can use iw. Running iw might show something like:.

Confirm the wireless settings by using iw dev wlp9s0 link. Once wireless is working, continue configuring the IP level networking options as described in the next section Understanding network terminology or use the net-setup tool as described previously. Diese Adresse ist eine Kombination aus vier Nummern zwischen 0 und Jedenfalls nehmen wir das so wahr. Einen Network-Abschnitt und einen Host-Abschnitt.

Diese Unterteilung wird mittels der Netzmaske beschrieben. Die Netzmaske kann wie eine IP-Adresse aufgeschrieben werden. Diese Adresse ist zum Broadcasting eines Paketes an alle Computer gedacht, d. Dieser Host wird Gateway genannt. Dieser Dienst wird nameservice genannt.

To assign an IP address, the IP address, broadcast address and netmask are needed. Set up routing using route.