During summer the parasitoid Aphelinus mali may certainly reduce the infestation of woolly apple aphid (Eriosoma lanigerum), but studies on the single. Asante, S.K., and W. Danthanaryana. Development of Aphelinus mali, an endoparasitoid of woolly apple aphid, Eriosoma lanigerum. Bio-pesticide properties for Aphelinus mali, including approvals, environmental fate, eco-toxicity and human health issues.
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Peak activity of adult parasitoids corresponds with peaks in woolly apple aphid nymph production in the spring and fall.
Retrieved 14 April This small wasp, native to the northeastern United States, parasitizes woolly apple aphid by laying its eggs directly into the body of the aphid. Minimum active substance purity.
Biopesticide type Insectivore Substance group Macro-organism Minimum active substance purity – Known relevant impurities – Substance origin Natural Mode of action Consumption Substance source Small wasp native to north east United States but now widespread in Europe Substance production Produced commerically by rearing under controlled conditions in insectaries. Views Read Edit View history. General human health issues. It has been introduced successfully in many apple growing areas of the world and was considered one of the early success stories of biological control.
This parasitoid is a parasite of aphids, particularly woolly aphids and is native to the northeastern parts of the United States.
Woolly apple aphid Eriosoma lanigerum Hausm. Produced commerically by rearing under controlled conditions in insectaries. Melting point o C. US EPA chemical code. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
Examples of recorded resistance.
Aphelinus mali – Wikipedia
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix. Apples and other top fruit. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It inserts its ovipositor into the underside of a woolly aphid and lays an egg, which hatches in about three days.
New Zealand Chemical structure: Small wasp native to north east United States but now widespread in Europe. Usually supplied as mummies at the hatching stage.
Articles with ‘species’ microformats. Retrieved from ” https: Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards.
Diapause commences in October, and is complete by late March. Soft cover copies are available for purchase. The total life cycle takes 20 to 25 days. Monday 08 January Contact: Mammals – Inhalation LC50 mg l None – not a ppp.
Universal Chalcidoidea Database
In the early stages of development, there are no external signs of parasitism. EU Candidate for substitution CfS. Aquatic invertebrates – Acute 48 hour EC 50 mg l No, known not to cause a problem: In the fall, larvae and pupae enter diapause and overwinter in the blackened mummified bodies of their hosts. DT90 lab at 20 o C. The larva takes ten apehlinus twelve days to develop before pupating inside the body of its host. Aqueous photolysis DT50 days at pH 7.
Aquatic plants – Acute 7 day EC 50biomass mg l Introduced from its native region to other apple growing areas, A. Eulophidae — Elizabeth H.
Eriosomatidae and its parasitoid Aphelinus mali Haldeman Hymenoptera: No adverse health effects identified. Woolly apple aphid Eriosoma lanigerum. Aphelinus abdominalis Aphelinus semiflavus.
Adult is reddish brown to purple but is usually concealed beneath a white, cotton-like substance secreted from the aphid’s abdomen. Vapour pressure at 20 o C mPa.
It was introduced in to the orchards of the Pacific Northwest in the region of Hood River and spread naturally.
There are 6 to 7 generations of A. Most countries require a licence to aphelinue issued before non-native macro-organisms may be released as biocontrol agents. Soil degradation days aerobic. The female inserts her egg into the lower surface of the abdomen, sometimes feeding on the body fluids that exude from the puncture.
The whole life cycle takes 20 to 25 days and there may be six or seven generations during the season. Degradation point o C.